bionics, exoprosthesis, additive manufacturing, design, rapid prototyping


The field of bionics has shown rapid and notable improvements in the recent years due to technological advances in various fields of medicine and engineering. We have reached a point where upper and lower limb exoprosthesis can reproduce most of the fundamental movements of a biological arm or leg, some of the newer models even having the function of producing movements which would be impossible for the human body to re-create. The aim of this paper is to design and optimize an upper limb bionic exoprosthesis by using patient's parameters and morphological dimensions. Due to the latest trends in additive manufacturing, such a prototype can be used as a template which can be modified according to the morphological landmarks of each individual, so that it can be as close as possible to the patient’s anatomy being used as an alternative for people from disadvantaged areas, due to the low production costs.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Filip Harmon, University Politehnica of Bucharest

Student Faculty of Medical Engineering

Patricia Isabela Braileanu Eng., University Politehnica of Bucharest

Assistant Professor Department of Engineering Graphics and Industrial Design


Meier RH 3rd. (2004). History of arm amputation, prosthetic restoration, and arm amputation rehabilitation. In: Meier RH 3rd, Atkins DJ, editors. Functional restoration of adults and children with upper limb amputation. New York (NY): Demos Medical Publishing, p. 1–8.

Worboys, M. (2013). Joseph Lister and the performance of antiseptic surgery, Notes and records of the Royal Society of London, vol. 67, p. 199-209.

Jones, Jon & Gruber, Scott & Barker, John & Breidenbach, Warren, (2000). Successful Hand Transplantation — One-Year Follow-up. The New England journal of medicine, vol. 343, p. 468-473.

Clement, Rhys & Bugler, Kate & Oliver, Chris. (2011). Bionic prosthetic hands: A review of present technology and future aspirations, Journal of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, vol. 9, p. 336-40, 10.1016/j.surge.2011.06.001.

Zuo, Kevin & Olson, Jaret, (2014). The evolution of functional hand replacement: From iron prostheses to hand transplantation, The Canadian journal of plastic surgery, Journal canadien de chirurgie plastique, vol. 22, p. 44-51.

Ngan, Catherine G. Y. et al. (2019). Strategies for neural control of prosthetic limbs: from electrode interfacing to 3D printing, Materials (Basel, Switzerland), vol. 12, p. 19-27.

O'Keeffe, B. (2011). Prosthetic rehabilitation of the upper limb amputee”, Indian journal of plastic surgery: official publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India, vol. 44-2, p. 246-252. doi:10.4103/0970-0358.85346.

Soyer, Kardem et al. (2016). The importance of rehabilitation concerning upper extremity amputees: A Systematic review, Pakistan journal of medical sciences vol. 32-5, p. 1312-1319.

Greitemann, B., Güth, V., Baumgartner, R. (1996). Asymmetry of posture and truncal musculature following unilateral arm amputation--a clinical, electromyographic, posture analytical and photogrammetric study, Zeitschrift fur Orthopadie und Ihre Grenzgebiete, vol. 134(6), p.498-510.

Sansoni, S., Wodehouse, A., & Buis, A. (2014). The aesthetics of prosthetic design: from theory to practice, 13th International Design Conference (Design 2014), Dubrovnik, Croatia, p. 975-984.

Rohilla, P. V., Suresh, B., Dinesh, S., Nitin, P., Sudip, S., Angana, M. S. (2017). Material Selection for the Prosthetic Hand.

Vagholkar, P. (2016). Nylon (Chemistry, Properties and Uses). International Journal of Scientific Research, vol. 5, p. 349-351.

Huang, Ching-Nan et al. (2019). Synthesis and Physical Properties of Non-Crystalline Nylon 6 Containing Dimer Acid, Polymers, vol. 11, p. 386.

Krzyzak, A., Jacek, G., Branislav, D. (2013). Water absorption of thermoplastic matrix composites with polyamide 6, Zeszyty Naukowe/Akademia Morska w Szczecinie.

Huang, X. (2009). Fabrication and Properties of Carbon Fibers, Materials, vol. 2-4, p. 2369–2403.

Yang, Jia et al. (2018). Rapid and Continuous Preparation of Polyacrylonitrile-Based Carbon Fibers with Electron-Beam Irradiation Pretreatment, Materials (Basel, Switzerland) vol. 11,8, p. 1270.






Research Papers